What is the definition of a pandemic?

Table of contents:

  1. What is the definition of a pandemic?
  2. Who issued the official name of COVID-19?
  3. Is COVID-19 similar to SARS?
  4. Is it good to buy frozen fruits and vegetables to eat during the COVID-19 pandemic?
  5. How long should I wash my hands during the COVID-19 pandemic?
  6. What kind of mask is recommended to prevent COVID-19 transmission?
  7. Should children wear a mask during the COVID-19 pandemic?
  8. What is a healthy diet during the COVID-19 pandemic?
  9. What should I do if I feel unwell during the COVID-19 pandemic?
  10. In what conditions does COVID-19 survive the longest?

What is the definition of a pandemic?

A pandemic is defined as “an epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, crossing international boundaries and usually affecting a large number of people”. The classical definition includes nothing about population immunity, virology or disease severity. By this definition, pandemics can be said to occur annually in each of the temperate southern and northern hemispheres, given that seasonal epidemics cross international boundaries and affect a large number of people. However, seasonal epidemics are not considered pandemics.

Who issued the official name of COVID-19?

The official names COVID-19 and SARS-CoV-2 were issued by the WHO on 11 February 2020.

Is COVID-19 similar to SARS?

The novel coronavirus detected in China in 2019 is closely related genetically to the SARS-CoV-1 virus. SARS emerged in late 2002 in China and caused more than 8 000 cases in 33 countries over the course of eight months. Around one in 10 people who developed SARS died.

In the first eleven months of the COVID-19 pandemic (from 31 December 2019 to 14 December 2020), there were over 71 million cases worldwide and more than 1 600 000 deaths.

Is it good to buy frozen fruits and vegetables to eat during the COVID-19 pandemic?

All frozen fruits such as berries, pineapple and mango are great options, as they still contain high levels of fibre and vitamins and are often less expensive than the fresh versions. These frozen fruits can be added to juices, smoothies or porridge or eaten with low-fat plain yogurt after defrosting.Frozen vegetables are nutritious, quick to prepare, and consuming them can help reach the recommendations, even when fresh foods are scarce.

How long should I wash my hands during the COVID-19 pandemic?

Thorough hand hygiene after any cough or sneeze is required. The WHO also recommends that individuals wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the toilet or when hands are visibly dirty, before eating and after blowing one's nose.

What kind of mask is recommended to prevent COVID-19 transmission?

Fabric masks are recommended to prevent onward transmission in the general population in public areas, particularly where distancing is not possible, and in areas of community transmission. This could include the school grounds in some situations. Masks may help to protect others, because wearers may be infected before symptoms of illness appear. The policy on wearing a mask or face covering should be in line with national or local guidelines. Where used, masks should be worn, cared for and disposed of properly.

Should children wear a mask during the COVID-19 pandemic?

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What is a healthy diet during the COVID-19 pandemic?

• Every day, eat a mix of wholegrains like wheat, maize and rice, legumes like lentils and beans, plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables , with some foods from animal sources (e.g. meat, fish, eggs and milk).• Choose wholegrain foods like unprocessed maize, millet, oats, wheat and brown rice when you can; they are rich in valuable fibre and can help you feel full for longer.• For snacks, choose raw vegetables, fresh fruit, and unsalted nuts.

What should I do if I feel unwell during the COVID-19 pandemic?

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In what conditions does COVID-19 survive the longest?

Coronaviruses die very quickly when exposed to the UV light in sunlight. Like other enveloped viruses, SARS-CoV-2 survives longest when the temperature is at room temperature or lower, and when the relative humidity is low (