What are the symptoms of hookworms in humans?

Table of contents:

  1. What are the symptoms of hookworms in humans?
  2. What does hookworm bite look like?
  3. Where is hookworm most common?
  4. How are hookworms treated in humans?
  5. Can hookworm affect the brain?

What are the symptoms of hookworms in humans?

Itching and a localized rash are often the first signs of infection. These symptoms occur when the larvae penetrate the skin. A person with a light infection may have no symptoms. A person with a heavy infection may experience abdominal pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue and anemia.

What does hookworm bite look like?

The infection often looks like a bug bite or rash at first, but it turns into a painful, snake-shaped blister. Luckily, hookworms are easy to treat. The hookworms are so tiny that most people don't even notice it when they enter the skin through the bottom of the foot.

Where is hookworm most common?

Hookworm thrives in regions of extreme poverty with poor sanitation and affects some 740 million people worldwide. Developing nations with warm, moist climates, in regions like South America, South Asia and Southeast Asia, are most susceptible to the worm.

How are hookworms treated in humans?

Anthelminthic medications (drugs that rid the body of parasitic worms), such as albendazole and mebendazole, are the drugs of choice for treatment of hookworm infections. Infections are generally treated for 1-3 days. The recommended medications are effective and appear to have few side effects.

Can hookworm affect the brain?

Evidence from the lab of Raffi Aroian, PhD, shows that short-term human hookworm infection, even at low levels, can cause rapid, acute and measurable cognitive impairments in spatial memory among a mammalian animal model.